Phonemes, Phonetics, and Orthography
||a ||b ||c ||d ||e ||g ||h ||í
||i ||k ||l ||m ||n ||ng ||o ||p
||r ||s ||t ||u ||w ||'
||a ||b ||ʃ ||d ||e ||g ||h ||i
||ɪ ||k ||l ||m ||n ||ŋ ||o ||p
||r ||s ||t ||u ||w ||ʔ
The phoneme /ʔ/ is not considered a letter or sound alone, but rather, is used to separate repeated vowels. It is not technically represented in Sateca'an's native script, but is inserted here in transliteration for convenience and as a stylistic choice.
lake, river, a large body of water as seen from shore
beast, wild animal
ocean, sea, a body of water as seen from within it
back, bottom (of something)
with, by means of
in, at, on, near
above, in front of, after
behind, in back of, before
to be (in a temporary state)
to love, to be fond of
to speak with
to go (somewhere in particular)
to visit (from "íhwe ina", to go and come from)
to see or hear
to return (to somewhere in particular)
to come from (somewhere), to be originally from (somewhere)
to travel/go/come (from somewhere, to somewhere)
to eat or drink
to be (permanently, or possessing an inherent quality)
to resemble, to be like
to examine, to learn about
all, completely ("none" with negative)
Plurals, Possessives, and Other Affixes
Plural suffixes conjugate by gender.
Possessives precede nouns, and conjugate by animacy of the possessor.
dweo ta na ídan
river of the west
Verbs take different prefixes depending on gender and animacy of the subject.
| ||Neuter ||Feminine ||Masculine ||Negative*|
|Animate ||dí||bí ||kí|
|Inanimate ||de ||am ||ka|
*Applies regardless of gender
Tense is determined by a verb-ending suffix.
| ||Simple ||Continuous ||Conditional|
|Past ||-(e)dan ||-das ||-dín|
|Present ||n/a ||-las ||-lín|
|Future ||-(e)kan ||-kas ||-kín|
Perfect and pluperfect forms are made by adding ogín (animate) or egan (inanimate) as suffixes to the simple and continuous forms, respectively.
The conditional form is a little unusual, but basically is used for "if" statements, to express the possibility of something.
telu talta díslín, hle díwo.
If (a) woman is a mother, (she) has a child.
ca na ana dírundín, na acwin dola dea.
If I ate the soup, the bowl is empty.
ca lata tí ke kísílín, ke hlelí tí ca kísí.
If I am not your father, you are not my son.