EGGRAMEN - Conlangs - Ewa Sio

Ewa Sio

UNDER CONSTRUCTION

Phonemes, Phonetics, and Orthography

Written a i u e o s th sh f v w m n ng l h y x '
IPA a i u e o s θ ʃ f v w m~b n ŋ l h j ħ ʔ

Syllable structure is generally (C)V or rarely (C(w/y))V(n/m).

Some dialects pronunce /ħ/, /ʔ/, and /θ/ as /x/, /k/, and /t/.

Orthography

A prototypical alphabet can be found here.


Vocabulary

Pronouns

he'e
you (formal)
ye
you (informal)
tha'i
I (formal)
si
I (informal, f)
thai
I (informal, m)
uthi
he
esi
she, they (pl)
nge
it, this
ngua
that

Familial Terms

ma'a
mother, woman
ye'a
father, man
lili
daughter, girl
yiyi
son, boy
sao
brother (of a boy), sister (of a girl)
moia'a
older sister (of a boy), aunt
yaoa'a
older brother (of a girl), uncle
lioa
younger sister (of a boy)
yioa
younger brother (of a girl)
meamea
grandmother (maternal)
maimai
grandmother (paternal)
yoeyoe
grandfather (maternal)
'ai'ai
grandfather (paternal)

Nouns

thia
bird
he
fire
hin
(smaller) part
sa'ao
water
sifa
peace
ufa
sky
ona
earth
neo
hill
'omo
tree, plant
'ua
limb
asha
light
wi'a
strength, power, energy
ufea
sun
xiwi
sword (loanword, from /kivi/, "blade")
xone
egg

Verbs

aeo
to trade
ahuo'o
to shine, to sparkle
amo
to sing
elo
to pray
hao
to outweight, to be greater than
ino
to love
itheo
to see
luo
to make
metheo
to understand, to know of (trans.), to be wise (intrans.)
nguio
to strike, to attack
oseo
to rise, to stand up
sheo
to have (a trait)
sho
to search for
sio
to speak, to say
soeo
to stand, to be (somewhere)
thuo
to hear
uvao
to go (without), to abandon, to be deprived of
xeo
to learn (of) (trans.), to be a student (intrans.)
waho
to come
wo'ao
to go

Adjectives, Adverbs, and Prepositions

hi'i
before, beneath
hu'e
complete, finished
ngia
now
umya
after, above
voa
not
xaha'a
at the time of...

Particles

ha
(genitive)
ngo
(intrumentative/locative)
me
(vocative)
hoi
(binary question marker) (used at beginning of sentence)

Greetings, Niceties, etc.

he'e me waho thatha'i
(formal greeting, lit. "You're coming to us")
ye me waho thathai
(informal version of same)
waho sifa ngo
(common, more neutral greeting, lit. "come in peace")
wo'ao sifa ngo
(common farewell, lit. "go with peace")
yima'me
thank you
sihosi
please (see grammar notes)

Numbers

e
1
xi
2
ve
3
sa
4
an
5
an fi e
6 (lit. "5 and 1")
an fi xi
7
an fi ve
8
an fi sa
9
an xi
10 (lit. "fives" (dual))
an xi fi e
11
an xi fi xi
12
an xi fi ve
13
an xi fi sa
14
anan
15 (lit. "fives" (plural))
anan fi e
16
anan fi xi
17
anan fi ve
18
anan fi sa
19
anan fi an
20
anan fi an fi e
21
anan fi an xi
25
anan xi
30
anan xi fi an
35
anan xi fi an xi
40
anan xi fi anan
45
vyo
60
vyo fi e
61
vyo fi an fi e
66
vyo fi an xi
70
vyo fi anan
75
vyo fi anan xi
90
vyo xi
120
vyovyo
180

Grammar

Mostly isolating, with postpositional particles. Copula dropping. Word order partly indicates mode: SOV for declarative or interrogative (with a marker for binary questions), SVO for imperative.

Plurals form by reduplicating first syllable, or first two if the first syllable has a null onset and no coda. (Ex: /ufa/ -> /ufaufa/ but /ona/ -> /onona/.) The word for two (/xi/) is often used as a dual suffix, instead of pluralizing for two things.

Verb Conjugation

Ewa Sio does not distinguish between future and present tense, only past and non-past. Negatives are made by preceding a verb with /voa/ ("not").

Pastai ...VERBed
Past Continuoushi'i ...was VERBing
Past Perfecthi'i ... hu'ehave VERBed
Non-Past-VERB
Non-Past Continuousngia ...is VERBing
Non-Past Perfect... hu'ehas VERBed

Verb-Based Nouns

The phrases for "that which VERBS" and "that which is VERBed" are "ela [VERB]" and "ewa [VERB]" respectively. The /ela/ and /ewa/ are from the nominative and accusative forms of /e/ ("one").

Please...

Requests are made by incorporating the word /sihosi/ ("please") somewhere into the sentence. Placement can vary significantly, but the end of the sentence is usually seen as politer or nicer sounding than the beginning, especially when phrasing the request as a binary question with /hoi/.


back to top