EGGRAMEN - Conlangs - Ewa Sio

Ewa Sio

UNDER CONSTRUCTION

Phonemes, Phonetics, and Orthography

Written a i u e o s th sh f v w m n ng l h y x '
IPA a i u e o s θ ʃ f v w m~b n ŋ l h j ħ ʔ

Syllable structure is generally (C)v or (C(w/y))v(n/m).

Some dialects pronunce /ħ/, /ʔ/, and /θ/ as /x/, /k/, and /t/.

Vocabulary

Pronouns

he'e
you (formal)
ye
you (informal)
tha'i
I (formal)
si
I (informal, f)
thai
I (informal, m)
uthi
he
esi
she, they (pl)
nge
it, this
ngua
that

Familial Terms

ma'a
mother, woman
ye'a
father, man
lili
daughter, girl
yiyi
son, boy
sao
brother (of a boy), sister (of a girl)
moia'a
older sister (of a boy), aunt
yaoa'a
older brother (of a girl), uncle
lioa
younger sister (of a boy)
yioa
younger brother (of a girl)
meamea
grandmother (maternal)
maimai
grandmother (paternal)
yoeyoe
grandfather (maternal)
'ai'ai
grandfather (paternal)

Nouns

thia
bird
he
fire
hin
(smaller) part
sa'ao
water
ufa
sky
ona
earth
neo
hill
'omo
tree, plant
'ua
limb
asha
light
ufea
sun
xiwi
sword (loanword, from /kivi/, "blade")
xone
egg

Verbs

aeo
to trade
ahuo'o
to shine, to sparkle
amo
to sing
elo
to pray
hao
to outweight, to be greater than
ino
to love
itheo
to see
luo
to make
metheo
to understand, to know of (trans.), to be wise (intrans.)
nguio
to strike, to attack
oseo
to rise, to stand up
sheo
to have (a trait)
sho
to search for
sio
to speak, to say
soeo
to stand, to be (somewhere)
thuo
to hear
uvao
to lea
xeo
to learn of (trans.), to be a student (intrans.)
wo'ao
to go

Adjectives, Adverbs, and Prepositions

hi'i
before, beneath
hu'e
complete, finished
ngia
now
umya
after, above
voa
not

Particles

la
(nominative) (often omitted)
wa
(accusative)
ha
(genitive)
ngo
(intrumentative/locative)
me
(vocative)
hoi
(binary question marker) (used at end of sentence)

Numbers

e
1
xi
2
ve
3
sa
4
an
5
an fi e
6
an fi xi
7
an fi ve
8
an fi sa
9
an xi
10

Grammar

Mostly isolating, with a simple case system via postpositional particles. Copula dropping. Word order partly indicates mode: SOV for declarative or interrogative (with a marker for binary questions), SVO for imperative.

Plurals form by reduplicating first syllable, or first two if the first syllable has a null onset and no coda. (Ex: "ufa" -> "ufaufa" but "ona" -> "onona")

Verb Conjugation

Ewa Sio does not distinguish between future and present tense, only past and non-past. Negatives are made by preceding a verb with /voa/ ("not").

Pastai ...VERBed
Past Continuoushi'i ...was VERBing
Past Perfecthi'i ... hu'ehave VERBed
Non-Past-VERB
Non-Past Continuousngia ...is VERBing
Non-Past Perfect... hu'ehas VERBed

Verb-Based Nouns

The phrases for "that which VERBS" and "that which is VERBed" are "ela [VERB]" and "ewa [VERB]" respectively. The /ela/ and /ewa/ are from the nominative and accusative forms of /e/ ("one").

back to top