EGGRAMEN :: Conlang :: Alternian

Alternian

A shitty fan-conlang (fanlang?) based on whatever the standard(?) language of Alternia from Andrew Hussie's Homestuck may or may not be.

UNDER CONSTRUCTION

Phonology

Vowels: a ɛ e i ə u o
Dipthongs:
Consonants: r k t z ʒ s m l g f p n d v h ħ j ʃ* ʧ* ŋ* x*
(Sounds marked with an asterisk are allophones of other sounds.)

Syllable structure: mostly (C(C))V(C), but a bit more limited. Still hashing it out.

Some common/general rules:
/n/ becomes /ŋ/ before /k/ and /g/.
/s/ becomes /ʃ/ before /m/, and becomes /ʧ/ before /k/.
/aɪ/ cannot be combined with other dipthongs.
/f/ following /m/ usually becomes /p/.
A /r/ surrounded by only vowels sometimes becomes an /x/.
/ħ/ and /ʒ/ are rarer sounds, limited mostly to names, loanwords, and particularly archaic terms.

Troll Alphabet

(If this isn't showing up for you as Hiveswap troll script, there's a problem, and this page won't be nearly as fun.)

a d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v x y z

Script
IPA
English Equivalent
a a, ə a
d d d
e ɛ e
f f f
g g g
h h h
i i, ə i
j ʒ j
k k k
l l l
m m m
n n n
o o o
p p p
qu kw qu
r r r
s s s
t t t
u u u
v v v
x z, ks z, x
y j, aɪ y, ai
z z z

Doubled letters are also meaningful. Normally they represent consonant gemination (making a consonant longer than normal), but with one exception:

ScriptIPAEnglish Equivalent
hh ħ n/a

Orthography

tba

Grammar and Syntax

Alternian is agglutinative and heavy on prefixes. Descriptors and adjectives both precede their nouns. Word order is typically SVO, but flips to OVS for binary (yes/no) questions.

It has four noun classes: low (or "warm"), high (or "cool"), neutral (or "green"), and wild. It also has four-ish cases (nominative, accusative, dative/lative, genitive/ablative), marked by prepositional particles which agree with the noun's class (with the exception of pronouns, which are classes by implicit status -- blood caste, the speaker's opinion, etc.)

Verbs conjugate by tense (past, present, future), number (singular versus plural), and five different registers of formality: honorific, humble, formal, informal, and plain.

Vocabulary

Particles

CLASSLowHighNeutralWild
Nominativesafatama
Accusativesumfutoo
Dativezi*fitivi
Genitiveza*aaho

*Written as xi and xa, respectively.

Pronouns

Alternian has a large collection of personal pronouns with varying implications, not entirely unlike, say, Japanese or Thai.

ALTERNIAN
IPA
meaning
kokam
kokam
I (very humble)
kokam
kri
kri
I (commonly used, generic, usually a safe bet)
kri
muxa
muksa
I (casual, somewhat feminine)
muxa
gama
gama
I (casual)
gama
mez
mɛz
I (very casual, intimate register)
mez
maky
makaɪ
I (arrogant, high-status)
maky
vroto
vroto
I (formal, higher-status)
vroto

enoky
ɛnokaɪ
you (honorific)
enoky
novros
novros
you (respectful, generic)
novros
naxa
naksa
you (casual)
naxa
sot
sot
you (casual, crude)
sot
aka
aka
you (intimate, usually reserved for quadrants)
aka

kaltu
kaltu
he (formal)
kaltu
kato
kato
he (informal)
kato
xokut
zokut
she (respectful, implies danger)
xokut
kakree
kakri
she (formal)
kakree
kako
kako
she (informal)
kako
sotankyo
sotaŋkjo
he/she/they (unfamiliar, dangerous)
sotankyo
masmit
maʃmit
he/she/they (formal)
masmit
akyomuxa
akjomuksə
he/she/they (familiar, friendly)
akyomuxa
kon
kon
he/she/they (informal)
kon

ti
ti
it
ti

gakan
gakan
this (one)
gakan
sakan
sakan
that (one)
sakan
sotan
sotan
that (one) over there
sotan

Nouns

All nouns pluralize with the prefix /va/ or /vat/, added to the head/root word.

For example:

/uspe/ (shirt) --> /vatuspe/ (shirts)
/karo/ (beast) --> /vakaro/ (beasts)
/miakaro/ (meowbeast) --> /miavakaro/ (meowbeasts)

Low/Warm

aldan
aldan
thing, tool
aldan
kafi
kafi
coffee (beans)
kafi
kampavrot
kampavrot
friend*
kampavrot
karo
karo
beast, animal
karo
keparal
kɛparal
name
keparal
keivah
keva
bone
keivah
kikam
kikam
hatred (platonic)
kikam
kisam
kisam
hatred (romantic)
kisam
ko
ko
wheel (archaic), circle
ko
kyotonot
kjotonot
friend, hatefriend*
kyotonot
nukodidaldan
nukodidaldan
bicycle
nukodidaldan
okass
okas
bottom, backside
okass
orakaro
orakaro
woofbeast, dog
orakaro
ota
otə
day
ota
otanuk
otanuk
sun
otanuk
oxel
oksɛl
end, back, after
oxel
pemmunu
pɛmːunu
friendship (relationship)
pemmunu
pemmunot
pɛm:unot
friend* (most literal translation for English)
pemmunot
saquu
sakwu
cartilage, gristle
saquu
savy
savaɪ
fire, storm, cataclysm
savy
suhei
suhe
wind
suhei
suhesavy
suhɛsavaɪ
storm, windstorm
suhesavy
syki
saɪki
psychic, psionic (troll)
syki
tallah
talːa
fat
tallah
tany
tanaɪ
room, space, "block"
tany
tarkos
tarkos
tube, chute
tarkos
tinuyi
tənuji
house, hive
tinuyi
tiskis
tiskis
vessel, container, cooking pan
tiskis
tunyi
tunji
mask
tunyi

High/Cool

akyon
akjon
person, enemy, friend* (rarely)
akyon
aldan
aldan
device, machine
aldan
at
at
pain
at
eistos
estos
rage, wrath
eistos
evut
ɛvut
leg, frond (of a plant)
evut

Neutral/Green

Wild

Verbs

Adjectives

Adverbs

Conjunctions, Etc

Numbers

Translations

tba

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