EGGRAMEN :: Conlang :: Alternian

Alternian

A shitty fan-conlang (fanlang?) based on whatever the standard(?) language of Alternia from Andrew Hussie's Homestuck may or may not be.

UNDER CONSTRUCTION

Phonology

Vowels: a ɛ e i ə u o
Dipthongs:
Consonants: r k t z ʒ s m l g f p n d v h ħ j ʃ* ʧ* ŋ* x*
(Sounds marked with an asterisk are allophones of other sounds.)

Syllable structure: mostly (C(C))V(C), but a bit more limited. Still hashing it out.

Some common/general rules:
/n/ becomes /ŋ/ before /k/ and /g/.
/s/ becomes /ʃ/ before /m/, and becomes /ʧ/ before /k/.
/aɪ/ cannot be combined with other dipthongs.
/f/ following /m/ usually becomes /p/.
A /r/ surrounded by only vowels sometimes becomes an /x/.
A doubled /k/ or /t/ usually becomes a single /g/ or /d/, respectively.
/ħ/ and /ʒ/ are rarer sounds, limited mostly to names, loanwords, and particularly archaic terms.

Troll Alphabet

(If this isn't showing up for you as Hiveswap troll script, there's a problem, and this page won't be nearly as fun.)

a d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v x y z

Script
IPA
English Equivalent
a a, ə a
d d d
e ɛ e
f f f
g g g
h h h
i i, ə i
j ʒ j
k k k
l l l
m m m
n n n
o o o
p p p
qu kw qu
r r r
s s s
t t t
u u u
v v v
x z, ks z, x
y j, aɪ y, ai
z z z

Doubled letters are also meaningful. Normally they represent consonant gemination (making a consonant longer than normal), but with one exception:

ScriptIPAEnglish Equivalent
hh ħ n/a

Orthography

tba

Grammar and Syntax

Basics

Alternian is agglutinative and heavy on prefixes. Descriptors and adjectives both precede their nouns. Word order is typically SOV, but flips to VOS for binary (yes/no) questions.

It has four noun classes: low (or "warm"), high (or "cool"), neutral (or "green"), and wild. It also has four-ish cases (nominative, accusative, dative/lative, genitive/ablative), marked by prepositional particles which agree with the noun's class (with the exception of pronouns, which are classes by implicit status -- blood caste, the speaker's opinion, etc.)

Verbs conjugate by tense (past, present, future), number (singular versus plural), and five different registers of formality: honorific, humble, formal, informal, and intimate.

Verb Conjugation

Conjugation of verbs is fairly complex, involving tense, number, and level of familiarity/formality.

Verb Conjugation
PastPresentFuture Negative
Sg.Pl. Sg.Pl. Sg.Pl. Sg./Pl.
Honorific namya- namyaka- samya- samyaka- tamya- tamyaka- vekya-
Humble nyta- nytaka- sima- simaka- toma- tomaka- veka-
Formal nim nimak- sim- simak- tim- timak- vek-
Informal ny- nyk(a)- i -> a* i -> a* ty- tyk(a)-
Intimate na- na- n/a n/a ta- ta- ve-

*Instead of an affix, /a/ replaces the final vowel of the verb.

Alternian has five commonly used registers of formality/intimacy:

Vocabulary

Particles

CLASSLowHighNeutralWild
Nominativesafatama
Accusativesumfutoo
Dativezi*fitivi
Genitiveza*aaho

*Written as xi and xa, respectively.

Pronouns

Alternian has a large collection of personal pronouns with varying implications, not entirely unlike, say, Japanese or Thai.

ALTERNIAN
IPA
meaning
kokam
kokam
I (very humble)
kokam
kri
kri
I (commonly used, generic, usually a safe bet)
kri
muxa
muksa
I (casual, somewhat feminine)
muxa
gama
gama
I (casual)
gama
mez
mɛz
I (very casual, intimate register)
mez
maky
makaɪ
I (arrogant, high-status)
maky
vroto
vroto
I (formal, higher-status)
vroto

enoky
ɛnokaɪ
you (honorific)
enoky
novros
novros
you (respectful, generic)
novros
naxa
naksa
you (casual)
naxa
sot
sot
you (casual, crude)
sot
aka
aka
you (intimate, usually reserved for quadrants)
aka

kaltu
kaltu
he (formal)
kaltu
kato
kato
he (informal)
kato
xokut
zokut
she (respectful, implies danger)
xokut
kakree
kakri
she (formal)
kakree
kako
kako
she (informal)
kako
sotankyo
sotaŋkjo
he/she/they (unfamiliar, dangerous)
sotankyo
masmit
maʃmit
he/she/they (formal)
masmit
akyomuxa
akjomuksə
he/she/they (familiar, friendly)
akyomuxa
kon
kon
he/she/they (informal)
kon

ti
ti
it
ti

gakan
gakan
this (one)
gakan
sakan
sakan
that (one)
sakan
sotan
sotan
that (one) over there
sotan

Nouns

All nouns pluralize with the prefix /va/ or /vat/, added to the head/root word.

For example:

/uspe/ (shirt) --> /vatuspe/ (shirts)
/karo/ (beast) --> /vakaro/ (beasts)
/miakaro/ (meowbeast) --> /miavakaro/ (meowbeasts)

Low/Warm

aldan
aldan
thing, tool
aldan
kafi
kafi
coffee (beans)
kafi
kampavrot
kampavrot
friend*
kampavrot
karo
karo
beast, animal
karo
keparal
kɛparal
name
keparal
keivah
keva
bone
keivah
kikam
kikam
hatred (platonic)
kikam
kisam
kisam
hatred (romantic)
kisam
ko
ko
wheel (archaic), circle
ko
kyotonot
kjotonot
friend, hatefriend*
kyotonot
nukodidaldan
nukodidaldan
bicycle
nukodidaldan
okass
okas
bottom, backside
okass
orakaro
orakaro
woofbeast, dog
orakaro
ota
otə
day
ota
otanuk
otanuk
sun
otanuk
oxel
oksɛl
end, back, after
oxel
pemmunu
pɛmːunu
friendship (relationship)
pemmunu
pemmunot
pɛm:unot
friend* (most literal translation for English)
pemmunot
saquu
sakwu
cartilage, gristle
saquu
savy
savaɪ
fire, storm, cataclysm
savy
suhei
suhe
wind
suhei
suhesavy
suhɛsavaɪ
storm, windstorm
suhesavy
syki
saɪki
psychic, psionic (troll)
syki
tallah
talːa
fat
tallah
tany
tanaɪ
room, space, "block"
tany
tarkos
tarkos
tube, chute
tarkos
tinuyi
tənuji
house, hive
tinuyi
tiskis
tiskis
vessel, container, cooking pan
tiskis
tunyi
tunji
mask
tunyi

High/Cool

akyon
akjon
person, enemy, friend* (rarely)
akyon
aldan
aldan
device, machine
aldan
at
at
pain
at
eistos
estos
rage, wrath
eistos
evut
ɛvut
leg, frond (of a plant)
evut
fafar
fafar
fish (animal)
fafar
feima
fema
poem
feima
hanuk
hanuk
moon
hanuk
harum
harum
sea (archaic)
harum
harumsamot
harumsamot
seadweller
harumsamot
harumvrit
harumvrit
pirate
harumvrit
hi
hi
night
hi
hissu
his:u
mirror
hissu
jegok
ʒɛgok
deity, god (non-specific)**
jegok
rakya
rakjə
a period of time, life (a person's past)
rakya
ru
ru
beginning, front, future
ru
vrit
vrit
thief
vrit
xadaldan
zadaldan
vehicle
xadaldan

Neutral/Green

gamya
gumjə
organ, brain
gamya
horot
horot
wriggler (juvenile troll)
horot
ikra
ikra
worth, value
ikra
keigin
kegən
coin
keigin
keigar
kegar
Caegar (Alternian currency)
keigar
lora
lora
mother***
lora
maryu
marju
leaf
maryu
meeakaro
miakaro
cat (meowbeast)
meeakaro
mer
mɛr
hand, foot
mer
nak
nak
stone
nak
namo
namo
head
namo
nara
narə
horn
nara
natu
natu
capacity, ability
natu
nok
nok
grub, livestock animal (generic)
nok

Wild

husko
huʧko
fear
husko
lusus
lusus
caretaker beast, guardian
lusus
kamya
kamja
mother, matron
kamya
makra
makrə
game
makra
nytam
naɪtam
nub, stump, stub
nytam
pyn
paɪn
protrusion, feeler
pyn
sut
sut
feeling, emotion
sut
tivrol
tivrol
person, troll
tivrol
vohut
vohut
ally
vohut

* The words for things like "enemy" or "friend" in Alternian are... complex. Any troll who isn't a quadrant or extremely close can be classified as "enemy" due to Alternia's constantly hostile social scene, so any troll even slightly unknown can and should still be viewed with suspicion.

Following from this, and tying slightly into the psychology behind kismessitude: a known enemy is considered less dangerous than an unknown one. Thus "akyon ho muxa" (my enemy) becoming a descriptor for someone likely friendly -- this is your enemy in particular, one you know and can deal with, but "sotan akyo" (that enemy over there) becoming a term for a more potentially threatening individual -- a distant enemy, less easily identified and known.

As a result, there are a number of troll words encompassing various degrees of familiarity, tolerance, wariness, and percieved threat, many of which translate as "friend" as easily as they do "enemy".


** This word is actually an old loanword, now used primarily for obscenities, metaphor, and general reference to higher powers. Alternian culture is largely secular in the current era -- religion tends to be restricted to small movements and cults, most notable the indigo-caste clown cults. Most trolls consider the two concepts synonymous.

Verbs

dei
de
to meet
dei
di
di
to have (a trait), to possess (something)
di
dovri
dovri
demand
dovri
erommi
erom:i
to search
erommi
festi
fɛsti
to sleep
festi
hemmi
hɛm:i
to say
hemmi
kuni
kuni
to come
kuni
makroi
makroi
to cut (with the point of a blade)
makroi
nodi
nodi
to kill
nodi
ni
ni
to be
ni
ovri
ovri
to craft
ovri
rei
re
to do
rei
rihemi
rihɛmi
to speak (with)
rihemi
savi
savi
to see, to observe, to pay attention to
savi
si
si
to strike, to stab
si
senkroi
senkroi
to cut (with a flat cutting blade)
senkroi
tisofi
tisofi
to watch
tisofi
ullaxi
ul:aksi
to make, to cook
ullaxi
uski
uʧki
to run
uski
vrati
vrati
to follow
vrati
vri
vri
to steal, to rob
vri
xadi
zadi
to go
xadi

Verb Modifiers

kam
kam
(prefix indicating a gerund)
kam

Adjectives

Adverbs

Conjunctions, Etc

Numbers

Translations

tba
CG: KAMSAVIDOVRI IKRAVEKDOT HUMAN
CG: KAMSAVIDOVRIIKRAVEKDOT HUMAN
GERUND-observedemandworthNEG-havinghuman
CG: GREETINGS, WORTHLESS HUMAN.
CG: FA XASOT JEGOK SAMYARIHEMI
CG: FA XASOT JEGOK SAMYARIHEMI
NOM.-HIGH- GEN.-LOW-YOUGOD HON.-PRES- SPEAK
CG:THIS IS YOUR GOD SPEAKING (lit. "YOUR GOD SPEAKS")

Bonus

Because I felt like it, I'm trying out some different homebrewed Alternian script fonts. You can see the test page here.


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