EGGRAMEN :: Conlang :: Alternian

Alternian

A shitty fan-conlang (fanlang?) based on whatever the standard(?) language of Alternia from Andrew Hussie's Homestuck may or may not be.

Obviously, I do not own Homestuck or Hiveswap. This is a transformative work, done purely for fun.

The Alternian script used here is from Hiveswap, made by Hussie and What Pumpkin, and the font itself was compiled by OrangeyPeels on DeviantArt. The alphabet belongs to Hiveswap/What Pumpkin and Hussie, not me. Further information can be found on the "Credits" page via the sidebar.

UNDER CONSTRUCTION

Phonology

Vowels: a ɛ e i ə u o
Dipthongs:
Consonants: r k t z ʒ s m l g f p n d v h ħ j ʒ* ʃ* ŋ* x*
(Sounds marked with an asterisk are allophones of other sounds.)

Syllable structure: mostly (C(C))V(C), but a bit more limited. Still hashing it out.

Some common/general rules:
/n/ becomes /ŋ/ before /k/ and /g/.
/s/ becomes /ʒ/ before /m/ and /ʃ/ before /k/.
/aɪ/ cannot be combined with other dipthongs.
/f/ following /m/ usually becomes /p/.
A /r/ surrounded by only vowels sometimes becomes an /x/.
A doubled /k/ or /t/ usually becomes a single /g/ or /d/, respectively.
/ħ/ and /ʒ/ are rarer sounds, limited mostly to names, loanwords, and particularly archaic terms.

Troll Alphabet

(If this isn't showing up for you as Hiveswap troll script, there's a problem, and this page won't be nearly as fun.)

a d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v x y z

Alternian
a d e f g h i j k l m n o
IPA
a, ə d ɛ f g h i, ə ʒ k l m n o
Romanization
a d e f g h i j k l m n o

Alternian
p r s t u v x y z qu hh
IPA
p r s t u v z, ks j, aɪ z kw ħ
Romanization
p r s t u v x y z qu hh

Doubled letters are also meaningful. Normally they represent consonant gemination (making a consonant longer than normal), with two notable exceptions. One, "hh" (/ħ/), is indicated above. The other, "ee", is pronounced as /iː/.

Orthography

tba

Grammar and Syntax

Basics

Alternian is agglutinative and heavy on prefixes. Descriptors and adjectives both precede their nouns. Word order is typically SOV, but flips to VOS for binary (yes/no) questions.

It has four noun classes: low (or "warm"), high (or "cool"), neutral (or "green"), and wild. It also has four-ish cases (nominative, accusative, dative/lative, genitive/ablative), marked by prepositional particles which agree with the noun's class (with the exception of pronouns, which are classes by implicit status -- blood caste, the speaker's opinion, etc.)

Verbs conjugate by tense (past, present, future), number (singular versus plural), and five different registers of formality: honorific, humble, formal, informal, and intimate.

Verb Conjugation

Conjugation of verbs is fairly complex, involving tense, number, and level of familiarity/formality.

Verb Conjugation
PastPresentFuture Negative
Sg.Pl. Sg.Pl. Sg.Pl. Sg./Pl.
Honorific namya- namyaka- samya- samyaka- tamya- tamyaka- vekya-
Humble nyta- nytaka- sima- simaka- toma- tomaka- veka-
Formal nim nimak- sim- simak- tim- timak- vek-
Informal ny- nyk(a)- i -> a* i -> a* ty- tyk(a)-
Intimate na- na- n/a n/a ta- ta- ve-

*Instead of an affix, /a/ replaces the final vowel of the verb.

Alternian has five commonly used registers of formality/intimacy:

Vocabulary

Particles

CLASSLowHighNeutralWild
Nominativesafatama
Accusativesumfutoo
Dativexifitivi
Genitivexaaaho

Pronouns

Alternian has a large collection of personal pronouns with varying implications, not entirely unlike, say, Japanese or Thai.

ALTERNIAN
IPA
meaning
kokam
kokam
I (very humble)
kokam
kri
kri
I (generic, usually a safe bet)
kri
muxa
muksa
I (casual, somewhat feminine)
muxa
gama
gama
I (casual)
gama
mez
mɛz
I (very casual, intimate register)
mez
maky
makaɪ
I (arrogant, high-status)
maky
vroto
vroto
I (formal, higher-status)
vroto

enoky
ɛnokaɪ
you (honorific)
enoky
novros
novros
you (respectful, generic)
novros
naxa
naksa
you (casual)
naxa
sot
sot
you (casual, crude)
sot
aka
aka
you (intimate, usually reserved for quadrants)
aka

kaltu
kaltu
he (formal)
kaltu
kal
kal
he (informal)
kal
xokut
zokut
she (respectful, implies danger)
xokut
kakree
kakriː
she (formal)
kakree
kee
kiː
she (informal)
kee
sotankyo
sotaŋkjo
he/she/they (unfamiliar, dangerous)
sotankyo
masmit
maʒmit
he/she/they (formal)
masmit
akyomuxa
akjomuksə
he/she/they (familiar, friendly)
akyomuxa
kon
kon
he/she/they (informal)
kon

ti
ti
it
ti

gakan
gakan
this (one)
gakan
sakan
sakan
that (one)
sakan
sotan
sotan
that (one) over there
sotan

meer
miːr
what
meer
mirok
mirok
why
mirok

Nouns

All nouns pluralize with the prefix /va/ or /vat/, added to the head/root word.

For example:

/uspe/ (shirt) --> /vatuspe/ (shirts)
/karo/ (beast) --> /vakaro/ (beasts)
/miakaro/ (meowbeast) --> /miavakaro/ (meowbeasts)

Low/Warm

aldan
aldan
thing, tool
aldan
een
iːn
thief (common, low)
een
kafi
kafi
coffee (beans)
kafi
kampavrot
kampavrot
friend*
kampavrot
karo
karo
beast, animal
karo
keparal
kɛparal
name
keparal
keivah
keva
bone
keivah
kikam
kikam
hatred (platonic)
kikam
kisam
kisam
hatred (romantic)
kisam
ko
ko
wheel (archaic), circle
ko
kyotonot
kjotonot
friend, hatefriend*
kyotonot
nukodidaldan
nukodidaldan
bicycle
nukodidaldan
okass
okas
bottom, backside
okass
orakaro
orakaro
woofbeast, dog
orakaro
ota
otə
day
ota
otanuk
otanuk
sun
otanuk
oxel
oksɛl
end, back, after
oxel
pemmunu
pɛmːunu
friendship (relationship)
pemmunu
pemmunot
pɛm:unot
friend* (most literal English translation)
pemmunot
saquu
sakwu
cartilage, gristle
saquu
savy
savaɪ
fire, storm, cataclysm
savy
suhei
suhe
wind
suhei
suhesavy
suhɛsavaɪ
storm, windstorm
suhesavy
syki
saɪki
psychic, psionic (troll)
syki
tallah
talːa
fat
tallah
tany
tanaɪ
room, space, "block"
tany
tarkos
tarkos
tube, chute
tarkos
tinuyi
tənuji
house, hive
tinuyi
tiskis
tiskis
vessel, container, cooking pan
tiskis
tunyi
tunji
mask
tunyi
ultux
ultuks
rope
ultux
uspe
uspɛ
cloth, shirt
uspe

High/Cool

akyon
akjon
person, enemy, friend* (rarely)
akyon
aldan
aldan
device, machine
aldan
at
at
pain
at
eistos
estos
rage, wrath
eistos
evut
ɛvut
leg, frond (of a plant)
evut
fafar
fafar
fish (animal)
fafar
feima
fema
poem
feima
hanuk
hanuk
moon
hanuk
harum
harum
sea (archaic)
harum
harumsamot
harumsamot
seadweller
harumsamot
harumvrit
harumvrit
pirate
harumvrit
hi
hi
night
hi
hissu
his:u
mirror
hissu
jegok
ʒɛgok
deity, god (non-specific)**
jegok
rakya
rakjə
a period of time, life (a person's past)
rakya
ru
ru
beginning, front, future
ru
vrit
vrit
thief (noble, implies cleverness, trickery)
vrit
xadaldan
zadaldan
vehicle
xadaldan

Neutral/Green

gamya
gumjə
organ, brain
gamya
horot
horot
wriggler (juvenile troll)
horot
ikra
ikra
worth, value
ikra
keigin
kegən
coin
keigin
keigir
kegər
Caegar (traditional Alternian currency)
keigir
lora
lora
mother***
lora
maryu
marju
leaf
maryu
meeakaro
miakaro
cat (meowbeast)
meeakaro
mer
mɛr
hand, foot
mer
nak
nak
stone
nak
namo
namo
head
namo
nara
narə
horn
nara
natu
natu
capacity, ability
natu
nok
nok
grub, livestock animal (generic)
nok
rihemilan
rihɛmilan
language
rihemilan
xakos
zakos
tube, sphincter, throat
xakos

Wild

husko
huʃko
fear
husko
lusus
lusus
caretaker beast, guardian
lusus
kamya
kamja
mother, matron
kamya
makra
makrə
game
makra
nytam
naɪtam
nub, stump, stub
nytam
pyn
paɪn
protrusion, feeler
pyn
sut
sut
feeling, emotion
sut
tirol
tirol
troll
tirol
tivrol
tivrol
archaic form of tirol
tivrol
vohut
vohut
ally
vohut
vuk
vuk
thing (generic)
vuk

* The words for things like "enemy" or "friend" in Alternian are... complex. Any troll who isn't a quadrant or extremely close can be classified as "enemy" due to Alternia's constantly hostile social scene, so any troll even slightly unknown can and should still be viewed with suspicion.

Following from this, and tying slightly into the psychology behind kismessitude: a known enemy is considered less dangerous than an unknown one. Thus "akyon ho muxa" (my enemy) becoming a descriptor for someone likely friendly -- this is your enemy in particular, one you know and can deal with, but "sotan akyo" (that enemy over there) becoming a term for a more potentially threatening individual -- a distant enemy, less easily identified and known.

As a result, there are a number of troll words encompassing various degrees of familiarity, tolerance, wariness, and percieved threat, many of which translate as "friend" as easily as they do "enemy".

** This word (jegok) is actually an old loanword, now used primarily for obscenities, metaphor, and general reference to higher powers. Alternian culture is largely secular in the current era -- religion tends to be restricted to small movements and cults, most notable the indigo-caste clown cults. Most trolls consider the two concepts synonymous.

Verbs

aledi
alɛdi
to construct, to assemble
aledi
dagvari
dagvari
to feel neutral toward
dagvari
daki
daki
to copulate (for mammals, obscene)
daki
dei
de
to meet
dei
di
di
to have (a trait), to possess (something)
di
dokymi
dokaɪmi
to copulate (for trolls)
dokymi
dovri
dovri
to demand
dovri
eni
ɛni
to arrive
eni
erommi
ɛrom:i
to search
erommi
etrezi
ɛtrɛzi
to argue
etrezi
favri
favri
to like, to be comfortable around
favri
festi
fɛsti
to sleep
festi
gapyni
gapaɪni
to touch, to sense
gapyni
hemmi
hɛm:i
to say
hemmi
ki
ki
to hate
ki
kuni
kuni
to come
kuni
makroi
makroi
to stab, to cut (with the point of a blade)
makroi
mari
mari
to sell, to trade away
mari
mayuvi
majuvi
to give (a gift)
mayuvi
mevi
mɛvi
to cut up, to divide, to split
mevi
miki
miki
to call out, to scream
miki
moiri
moiri
to be fond of, to pity
moiri
nafi
nafi
to die
nafi
ni
ni
to be
ni
ninkri
niŋkri
to buy, to trade for (something)
ninkri
nodi
nodi
to kill
nodi
ovri
ovri
to craft, to produce
ovri
radi
radi
to be lively, to be in good health
radi
ravi
ravi
to give (something), to surrender
ravi
rei
re
to do
rei
rihemi
rihɛmi
to speak (with)
rihemi
sami
sami
to dwell, to live (in)
sami
savi
savi
to see, to observe, to pay attention to
savi
senkroi
sɛnkroi
to cut (with a flat cutting blade)
senkroi
si
si
to strike, to stab
si
sommi
som:i
to fight
sommi
tanavri
tanavri
to pick over, to examine
tanavri
tisofi
tisofi
to watch
tisofi
teevdi
ti:vdi
to imagine, to picture
teevdi
truvi
truvi
to dislike but tolerate
truvi
tukri
tukri
to know (of), to speak (a language)
tukri
ullaxi
ul:aksi
to make, to cook
ullaxi
uski
uʃki
to run
uski
ussi
us:i
to write
ussi
vrati
vrati
to follow
vrati
vri
vri
to steal, to rob
vri
xadi
zadi
to go
xadi
xaqui
zakwi
to be greater than (comparator)
xaqui
ygi
aɪgi
to eat
ygi

Verb Modifiers

kam
kam
(prefix indicating a gerund)
kam
vyo
vjo
(prefix for passive voice) (uncommon)
vyo
yy
jaɪ
(prefix for continuous action)
yy
tom
tom
(prefix for perfect tense, used like 'yet')
tom

Adjectives

Adjectives are negated with prefix /vek/. Many verbs can become adjectives by conjugating the final /i/ as /ot/. Nouns can be adjective-ified by the verb /di/ (to possess a trait or quality.)

adia
adiə
whole, complete
adia
kapyo
kapjo
small
kapyo
saquan
sakwan
big, great
saquan

Adverbs

dam
dam
very, extremely
dam
ipor
ipor
already
ipor
ton
ton
probably
ton
uota
uota
ideally, perhaps, if (one is) lucky
uota
ullto
ulːto
only
ullto

Conjunctions, Etc

az
az
but, however
az
fen
fɛn
with, at (for high or neutral nouns)
fen
ken
kɛn
with, at (for low or wild nouns)
ken
so
so
and
so

Interjections, Etc.

y
hey, oy
y

Numbers

edo
ɛdo
one
edo
i
i
two
i
xor
zor
three
xor
am
am
four
am
tox
toks
five
tox

Translations

CG: KAMSAVIDOVRI IKRAVEKDOT HUMAN
CG: KAMSAVIDOVRIIKRAVEKDOT HUMAN
GERUND-observedemandworthNEG-havinghuman
CG: GREETINGS, WORTHLESS HUMAN.
CG: FA XASOT JEGOK YYSAMYARIHEMI
CG: FA XASOT JEGOK YYSAMYARIHEMI
NOM.-HIGH- GEN.-LOW-YOUGOD CONT. HON.-PRES- SPEAK
CG:THIS IS YOUR GOD SPEAKING (lit. "YOUR GOD IS SPEAKING")

A longer sentence, formatted with colors since I ran out of space to put the sentence into a gloss table:

CG: FATI EISTOSDOT ATI XISOT KISAM SAMYAXAQUI SASOT KAMHUSKODITEEVDINATUDA KISAM JEGOK SAMYANI.

CG: FATI EISTOSDOT ATI XISOT KISAM SAMYAXAQUI SASOT KAMHUSKODITEEVDINATUDA KISAM JEGOK SAMYANI.

fati estosdot ati zisot kisam samjazakwi sasot kamhuʃkoditiːvdinatuda kisam ʒɛgok samjani

NOM-H-it rage.one-which-has GEN-H.it DAT-L.you hatred is-greater-than NOM-L.you GERUND.fear.possess.imagine.possess.capacity hatred god HON-PRES.is

CG: IT IS A WRATHFUL GOD WHO DESPISES YOU MORE THAN YOU COULD HAVE POSSIBLY DARED TO FEAR.


Another sample, with some different politeness and pronoun choices.

GA: Kri Ullto Kamtukrisimadovri

GA: Kri Ullto Kamtukrisimadovri

kri ulːto kamtukri simadovri

I-FML only GERUND.know.HMBL-PRES-demand*

GA: I Just Want To Know

GA: Tomsimnafi Anovros Lusus

GA: Tomsimnafi Anovros Lusus

tomsimnafi anovros lusus

yet.FML-PRES-die GEN-HIGH.you-FML lusus

GA: Is Your Lusus Dead Yet

*Using the humble register changes the verb /dovri/ ('to demand') to something like 'to want' or 'to request'.



Bonus

Because I felt like it, I'm trying out some different homebrewed Alternian script fonts. You can see the test page here.


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