EGGRAMEN :: Conlangs :: Placeholder

one day this could be alternian

UNDER CONSTRUCTION

This is a test page for an alternate site skin, for the alternian conlang page! (If I make one.)

Sources/Credits (other than Hiveswap and Homestuck): background, alternian hiveswap font, friendsim font.

Phonemes

a e i u o ū n y sh b t l t r k ng m h

Pronounciation Guide

a = "ah" like in tall or ahh
e = "eh" like in neck or bet
i = "ee" like in she or bee
u = "uh" like in fun or hut
o = "oh" like in bow or oh
ū = "oo" like in too or boot

There is no distinction between the letter t and d, s and z, b and p, k and g, or sh and ch. Their pronunciation can be either by convenience or accent, but tends toward the first. For consistency, all words here are spelled with the first letter and not the second.

Emphasis is typically on the first syllable of a word, or the second and last in words four syllables or longer. However, it is often shifted wherever is convenient in songs or poems, as it does not change the actual meaning of the words.

When speaking quickly or casually, the short "u" sound is often skipped or pronounces as a shwa (ə) instead. Words that have "u" in the first syllable may shift emphasis to the second.

Vocabulary

Person Pronouns

na
na
I, me
she
ʃɛ
they, them (sing.)
ū
u
it
tūe
tue
they, them (plur.)
sa
sa
you
tosho
she, her (honorific)
tūashe
he, him (honorific)
taotsha
they, them (sing. honorific)
naūe
we
nanim
someone, a person
naemiri
everyone
naeben
anyone
naiya
no one

Some Other Pronouns

ūs
thing, something
ūsmiri
everything
ūsebin
anything
ūseya
nothing

Question Words

anle
what
nelne
how
naile
who
onye
why
onsa
when
tolke
where

Common Words and Greetings

ungi, ngi
yes
ya, yasun
no
yanetrolun
hello (to someone new, or after long time apart)
ke'aron
hello, how are you?
kutūlrana
hello (older, more formal)
sheben
welcome (greeting into one's home or other space)
yunbek'r
I'll see you soon
ūlyotsha
thank you

Family Members

basuntya, baba
mother
nanyūnta, nana
father
sonen
sibling
rona
sister
otshi
brother
ansun
child
ronsun
daughter
otshun
son
hona
friend

Nouns

ba
person
kenmi
food
komi
drinks
sarnem
dinner
ekask
breakfast
mayūt
city, town
kosanmi
book
maūnmi
story
tanla
house, home
tūln
game
kake
picture, piece of artwork
lusū
idiot

Noun Affixes

le
(possessive suffix)
tya
(plural suffix)

Verbs

ungi, ngi
to be
roen
to exist in/at...
kuen
to eat
koyi
to drink
nalun
to go/come from...
yarani
to come here, to approach (the subject)
kyun tūel
to arrive at...
yunmeli
to go to...
seben
to enter (somewhere), to visit
ili
to walk
ūli
to do
noekin
to sleep
timaūn
to say...
naūken
to speak...
ngen
to have
yangi
to bring
tren
to see
tyurni
to hear
tūin
to learn, to discover
soani
to read
... sūmaen
to meet with...
... sūyan
to meet ... for the first time
rin
to buy...
teūn
to stand (up or in place)
amsan
to like
kern
to be present
... tener
to think/feel that something is... (self only)
... samyūn
to think/feel that something is... (other people)
... ūmūn...
to love...
... rener
to want... (one's own desires) (see grammar for full guide)
... mūryūn
to want... (someone else wants)
ban
to play
kanri
to know, to be familiar with
kin
to be aware of, to understand
tulten
to explain, to tell
busen
to lose
ilkan
to win
lūkūn
to defeat
ekin
to begin
eli
to possess, to contain (features, things)
hūn
to outdo, to be greater than

Verb Affixes

oya-
(future tense prefix, formal)
o-
(future tense prefix, informal)
tro-, to-, t-
(recent past tense prefix)
ta-
(distant past tense prefix)

byū, byūka
(continuous, follows verb)
-s
(negative suffix for verbs ending in -i)
-se
(negative suffix for verbs ending in -n or other)
sha-
(imperative prefix, precedes tense)

-mil
(-doer, one who VERBs) (follows negative)
-ūmi, -mi
(a thing that is VERBed) (follows negative, replaces "yemi")
-man
(archaic equivalent of "-ūmi")
ha
(makes gerund) (follows negative)
-yemi
(makes passive voice) (always precedes other suffixes)
... ang
can...

Time

beker
again (formal)
sana
then, in that time
sir
the whole time
atya
and then... (finally, after that)
iba
and then (standard verb connector)
yenha
now
ni
while (see grammar for more information)
nūsa
after, later
sarn
late, evening
ekis
early, morning
ek
before
bebeker
again and again
sonsa
finally, at long last
salar
ending

Location Pronouns

ranen
here
lunan
there (near/visible)
onarn
there (distant/unseen, formal)
onan
there (distant/unseen, informal)
toket
place, there
tokemiri
everywhere
tokebin
anywhere
tokeya
nowhere

Conjuctions, Prepositions, Etc

ke
in
na
from
yun
to/at (direction)
kyun
into, at (destination)
ti
(marks a quote)
bel
only (vaguely)
simat
only (exactly)
tya
using, with
and, along with
sūsun
without
te
or
ten
also, and (sentence connector)
unke
so (vague), because of this
sara
therefore, as a result
yueken
however, but (formal)
eken
but
kel
about
ir
all

What Do I Call This Category

...seber
for (to be offered to, to be used for)...
...nimūr
for (an action for the sake of)...
...hoye
for (the purpose of doing)...

Adjectives

sohu
many, much
koya
big
anyan
small
onen
far
lan
near
sang
favorite, loved
rea
wanted, desired (by the speaker)
mūr
wanted, desired (by someone else)
ūk
true
hanyak
just, fair, right
tun
serious, genuine
tusū
foolish, stupid
ayū
other
sanar
lovely, nice (archaic)
ūle
this (visible, nearby)
ūnon
that (visible, far)
ūnūn
that (not visible or not present)

Adjective Affixes

el
quality, -ness (often used for comparison)

Adverbs

very, especially ("not very/especially" when used with negative)
ot
(suffix converting adjective to adverb)

Grammar

Word Order

Word order is typically verb-object-subject (VOS). Adjectives precede nouns.

tulten maūnmi she
tell.STORY.they
They tell the story.

When describing an action as a noun (i.e. forming a gerund) or adjective (i.e. using it to modify the noun), the word order of the described action often changes to SOV. For example:

She maūnmi tultenha tener na
they.STORY.tell.(GERUND SUFFIX).want(self).I
I want them to tell the story.

Kanri sohu ūstya maūnmi tultenmil ba
know.MANY.thing.PLURAL.story.TELL.doer.PERSON
The person who tells stories knows many things.

Doing One Thing, (While) Doing Another

The term "ni" is used to indicate an action happening alongside another.

The structure for this is: ACTION1 sū ACTION2 byū ni. ("Byūka" can be used for "byū" when speaking formally.)

For example:

Kosanmi trosoani sū teūn byū ni na
book.PAST.read.ALSO.stand.CONTINOUS.while.I
I read a book while standing

Naūken sū noekin byū ni sa
speak.ALSO.sleep.CONTINUOUS.while.YOU
You talk in your sleep.

In informal speech can also be simplified by removing "sū" and "byū", and changing the tense/form of the second verb to match the first.

Onoekin, oteūn ni she
future.SLEEP.future.STAND.while.THEY
They will sleep standing up.

Shasoanis shailis ni, lusū!
imperative.READ.negative.IMPERATIVE.walk.NEGATIVE.while.IDIOT
Don't walk while reading, idiot.

Wanting Things

Two different verbs are used, depending on whether the speaker is describing their own desires, or someone else's.

  • rener ...: I want...
  • rener ... ha: I want to..., I want (someone/something else) to...
  • rener ... yemiha: I want (someone/something) to... (do something to me), I want to be (VERB)ed by (something)
  • mūryūn ... ... : (Someone) wants...
  • mūryūn ...-ha ... : (Someone) wants to..., (Someone) wants (someone/something else) to...
  • mūryūn ...-yemiha ... : (Someone) wants (someone/something else) to... (do something to them), (Someone) wants to be (VERB)ed by (something)

Torener tūe na amsanyemiha
past.WANT.them(plural).ME.like.PASSIVE-VOICE.(gerund)
I wanted them to like me.

Mūryūn noekin Nana
want.SLEEP.father(infml)
Dad wants to sleep

Mūryūn na tūln obusenha she
want.ME.game.FUTURE.lose.(GERUND).they
They want me to lose the (upcoming) game.

Purpose and Service

There are several ways to describe a purpose for action.

Seber: To do something in order to use the result for something, usually a noun that is not a person.
Hoye: To do something in order to perform another specified action.
Nimūr: To do something for someone else, or for their sake.

Sarnem seber orin ū na
dinner.FOR.buy.IT.i
I will buy it for dinner.

Shele rona sū maenha hoye, yunmeli mayūt she
they.POSSESSIVE.sister.WITH.meet.(GERUND).for-purpose-of.GO-TO.city.THEY
They go to the city to meet with their sister.

Baba nimūr troyangi ūs na
mother.FOR-SAKE-OF.past.BRING.something.I
I brought something for my mother.

Note that the second sentence, using "hoye", rearranges the phrase "sū maen rona" (VOS) into "rona sū maen" (SOV) for referring to the action like a noun.

Modifying With Verbs

One that verbs, one that is verbed

There are generally two ways to modify nouns with verbs, both using normal verb suffixes. The "mi"/"ūmi" suffix marks one that is VERBed, and the "mil" suffix marks one that VERBs.

When the actor other than the given noun is specified in this structure, it goes between the verb and the noun.

ngi lū anyan torinūmi komi
ŋi lu anjan toɹinumi komi
is.VERY.small.PAST.that-which-is-bought.DRINK
The drink that was bought is very small.

roen tanla trosoanimi na kosanmi
exists-in.HOUSE.past.THAT-WHICH-WAS-READ.i.BOOK
The book I read is in the house.

roen tanla kaketya elimil kosanmi
exists-in.HOUSE.that-which-has.PICTURE.plural.book
The book that has pictures is in the house.